6 Different Parts of Your Roof

If you haven’t given your home’s roof much attention, you likely should. Roofs can last years, but they do require regular maintenance to keep them in good condition. If you are unfamiliar with your roof, it may be harder to properly maintain it.

While shingles are the first barrier against the elements, your roof is actually made up of many parts, and they all require maintenance. Check out these six different parts of your roof so you can better care for yours.

1. Underlay Membrane

The underlay membrane sits directly under the shingles. If any water manages to make it past the shingles, this membrane is designed to stop it from reaching the rest of the roof. During construction, the membrane also helps protects the roof while the shingles are added.

Different types of underlay membrane exist, , polyvinyl chloride (PVC),. Regardless of which you choose, they have moisture-blocking properties.

2. Decking

The underlay membrane is largely designed to protect the decking. The decking is sheets of wood that support the membrane and shingles. Plywood is common for decking because of its durability and affordability.

Plywood decking typically comes in thicknesses ranging from 1/4 inch to 1 inch, and the boards are usually four by eight foot sheets. The exact thickness you need depends on the slope of your roof. Roofs with lower slopes need a thicker material because more water, snow, or debris stays on the roof for longer. With a steep slope, everything slides off easier.

3. Valley

A valley is where two different parts of the roof connect and create a divot. Valleys are notorious for trapping water, so they may wear down faster than the rest of your roof. For this reason, you need to ensure you have proper drainage for the valley.

Most likely, the roof was already built with plenty of drainage. The problem arises when debris clogs in the valley too. This can create dams, which prevent the water from draining quickly, increasing the risk of a leak.

4. Ridge

The ridge is the opposite of a valley; it’s the highest part of the roof. It can also refer to the board or beam that actually creates the ridge. Ridges are usually made in one of two ways: with stick framing or with trusses.

Stick framing uses sloping rafters, which meet at an angle to create the ridge. With a truss roof, the triangular trusses that support the roof are prefabricated. Once installed, the roof creates a ridge that looks just like a roof made with stick framing.

5. Saddle

Water can also get trapped behind the chimney. Since roofs slope, the roof is higher on one side of the chimney, and water can become trapped here. A saddle is a device that helps redirect the water. It has a ridge at the top like a mini roof. The ridge allows the water to flow down and around the chimney.

A saddle is often aluminum, galvanized steel, or stainless steel. Without a saddle, water may begin to break down the roof and chimney. If the water freezes and expands, it can worsen the damage.

6. Flashing

The chimney is a delicate area of your roof because it’s basically a big hole in your roof. In fact, anything that passes through the roof has a high risk of developing a leak. For this reason, metal flashing goes around anything that passes through the roof.

This flashing protects the small gap between the roof and chimney or vent so water can’t penetrate. Without flashing, a shifting foundation, general wear and tear, expansion, and contraction from heat/cold can widen the gap.

Your roof needs protection and maintenance, and knowing all the parts of your roof ensures you can take better care of yours. If you would like more information, or if you need a quote on repairs or replacement, contact us at Cloise and Mike Construction, Inc.

Fascia, Soffits, and Soffit Vents: What You Should Know

Fascia, Soffits, and Soffit Vents

When you look at your roof, you probably notice the most obvious elements such as the shingles and the chimney. However, you might not pay as much attention to some of the additional structures such as soffits and fascia. While you may not notice them right away, they play an important role in the continued function of your roof.

Find out about fascia and soffits as well as an addition to the latter: the soffit vent.

About the Fascia

When it comes to your roof, the fascia is the board that faces out directly under the shingles. This finishing edge connects the ends of the rafters and trusses. This is the area to which contractors attach your gutters.

Fascia has an important job — it prevents moisture from getting under the roofing shingles during a rainstorm. If moisture accumulates under the shingles, they can start to buckle. The underlayment and decking can also become damaged. Aesthetically, fascia also provides a finished edge to your roof.

Fascia is normally made out of wood. However, you can also have the wood protected by a fascia cover. Typically, manufacturers make fascia covers out of aluminum, steel, or vinyl. They also come in various sizes to match the width of the fascia board. Protecting the fascia with a cover adds an extra layer of protection for the underlying roof structures and decreases trim maintenance.

About the Soffit

The soffit is the area that stretches back from the fascia. It consists of a board that connects the fascia to the wall stud. In other words, the soffit is essentially the visible underside of your roof. If you don’t have soffits, you’ll just see the underside of your roofing rafters.

Like fascia, the soffit protects the roofing structure, in this case, the eaves and roof beams. Without soffits, the wooden structures can become susceptible to buckling and rot. In extreme weather conditions, moisture can also work its way under the roof and into the walls, causing more structural damage and possibly even mold.

Aesthetically, soffits are more pleasing to look at than rafter beams. They give your roof a more finished appearance. While wood is traditional for the soffit, you also find them composed of aluminum, vinyl, and composite materials. They also come in a wide range of colors to match or complement your siding.

A box end is a relative to both fascia and soffits. This structure comes at the end, creating a corner between the fascia and soffit under the roof.

About Soffit Vents

Once you have soffits, you can have soffit vents. As the name suggests, these vents are located in the soffits. They’re a method for ventilating your roof and attic.

Contractors install vents at regular intervals along the soffit. The vents can be rounded or flat. You can also choose singular or continuous soffit vents. Singular vents fit in between the soffit joists. They’re very common but not quite as efficient as continuous vents. Continuous vents feature long, narrow channels that run the whole length of your soffits.

Soffit vents work by drawing cool, fresh air into the space made between the soffit and the rafters. In cold climates, this venting will maintain a cool roof. A cool roof is ideal because then the snow on top doesn’t melt and form an ice dam. In hot climates, the cool air moves around the soffit space, and hot air is expelled through roof vents. This method keeps your attic cooler.

Though soffits and fascia are lesser-known aspects of your roof, they work together within the whole roofing structure to provide a cap for your house. Examine your soffits and fascia to see if they’re present and in need of repair. Likewise, consider adding soffit vents if you don’t have any. Contact Cloise & Mike Construction, Inc., for all your roofing needs.

End-Of-Summer Roof Maintenance You Won't Want To Overlook

End-Of-Summer Roof Maintenance You Won't Want To Overlook

You’ve spent the majority of your summer picnicking, barbecuing, swimming, and just hanging out. As the summer comes to an end, it is time to get back to normal life — and this may include home maintenance tasks. Before fall, winter, and inclement weather come around, make sure your roof is in tip-top condition.

Gutter Cleaning

Gutters are an important component of your roofing system, as they direct water off of the roof and onto the ground below — away from the foundation of your home. Unfortunately, the gutters can collect an assortment of debris, including leaves, twigs, seedpods, pine needles, and more.

If the accumulated debris is not removed from the gutters regularly, it can put a stop to the water flow, leading to a host of problems. Some of these problems can include rotted fascia boards and soffits, interior leakage, foundation damage, siding damage, peeling paint, and more.

To perform a DIY gutter cleaning, you will need a sturdy ladder, gutter brush or trowel, bucket, gloves, a garden hose, and lots of patience. Gather as much of the debris out of the gutters by hand and empty it into the bucket, then use the brush or trowel to remove any residual sludge. Finally, use the garden hose to spritz the inside of the gutters so they’re as clean as possible.

Gutter and Roof Inspection

Since you are already cleaning out your gutters, take the opportunity to take a good look at your gutters and make sure they are in proper working order. Gutters are designed to last somewhere between 20 and 30 years, but that doesn’t mean that they won’t fall victim to regular wear and tear or become damaged between the time they’re installed and the end of their life.

During the inspection of the gutters, look for split seams, loose bolts, and damaged support brackets. If you notice anything out of the ordinary, perform the repairs or get in touch with a professional, especially if you aren’t sure whether a replacement may be the better option.

Once you’ve completed the inspection of the gutters, it is time to inspect the roof. Similar to your gutters, roofs are designed to last for 20 to 50+ years, depending on the type of roof that you have, though weather conditions and climate can cut those years short.

During the roof inspection, look for worn, curled, loose, or missing shingles, corroded or cracked flashing, and any dark spots on the surface of the roof. If you notice any of these issues, it may be an indication that you have a current roof leak or a leak in the making.

Also, take a look inside the bucket of gunk that you removed from the gutters and see if you notice any pieces of broken shingles or granules. Take the time to look inside the home for indications of roof leaks, such as bubbling paint, stains on the ceiling, or physical drips. Any of these are indications that you need professional roof repair—sooner rather than later.

Moss Removal

After rain comes through, moss may begin to sprout between the spaces of your shingles, continuing to soak up water. As this moisture accumulates, it will penetrate the shingles and then the underlayment of the roof, eventually damaging the sheathing beneath and the structural integrity of the roofing system as a whole.

For that reason, moss needs to be removed immediately. First, the roof needs to be broomed, or brushed, immediately after the moss appears. As you brush, do so in a downward fashion to avoid unnecessary damage to the roof. To clean the roof and kill any residual moss, use a nontoxic bleach product — one without chlorine, since chlorine will discolor or damage your roof.

Also keep in mind that you should prune any overhanging trees, as this may be one reason that you have moss growing on the roof in the first place. By pruning the trees, the roof will be able to dry more quickly. To prevent the moss from reappearing in the future, install zinc or copper strips under shingles that have been affected.

If you have noticed damage to your roof, contact us at Cloise & Mike Construction, Inc.

4 Eco-Friendly Reasons to Choose Metal Roofing Over Asphalt

You may have heard that one reason metal roofs are better is that they’re recyclable. But you may also know that asphalt roofing can be recycled and wonder why recycling asphalt shingles isn’t as good as recycling metal.

Here are four reasons recycling a metal roof is better than recycling an asphalt roof.

1. Made of Recycled Materials

Typically you won’t find an asphalt roof that’s both recyclable and made of a high percentage of recycled materials. Eco-friendly consumers often look for a product that has recycling on both ends of its lifespan, which is called closing the loop.

Because most metal roofing is made with recycled materials anyway, metal roofs close the loop much more easily than asphalt ones. In fact, much metal roofing is made with at least 25% and up to 95% recycled content. This percentage provides the roofing with an automatic eco-friendliness boost because less virgin material is required to manufacture the roof.

2. Can Be Recycled Indefinitely

Like paper, asphalt roofing can’t be recycled forever. In fact, asphalt roofs aren’t likely to be recycled back into asphalt roofs. Instead they’re typically used in making new roads. The industry then needs to source more virgin asphalt materials to make new roofs with.

Metal roofing, on the other hand, could be recycled back into roofing materials over and over. This may be one reason why it’s so easy to find metal roofing with high recycled content.

3. Lasts Longer Before It Needs Recycling

Even if both roofs are going to be recycled, a metal roof is more eco-friendly than a comparable asphalt roof because it will likely last longer before needing to be replaced. Recycling takes energy, water, and other resources. The recycling and remanufacturing process also typically produces pollutants, such as the greenhouse gases caused by creating electricity.

And once the material has been recycled into a new product, more energy and fossil fuels will be required to ship it to its final destination. So even if both asphalt and metal can be recycled, recycling them as infrequently as possible by extending their lifespans is the best bet for saving energy.

Metal roofs have a clear advantage here, since they tend to last much longer than asphalt roofs. A top-of-the-line asphalt roof may now be marketed to last 50 years, but 50 years is the low end of the lifespan for some types of metal roofing. And other types of metal roofing, such as zinc and copper, could last for a century or more (if you want the absolute high end).

4. Saves Energy and Emissions During Its Lifetime

It’s not just the manufacturing and end-of-life impact you have to look at, though. Your roof can actually increase or reduce the amount of greenhouse gases your home produced throughout the roof’s lifespan. That’s because a darker, heat-retentive roof (such as an asphalt roof) will help pull heat into your home rather than reflecting it away.

Typically, in a moderate or warm climate, more heat gain is undesirable for the majority of the year. Unwanted heat gain means you use more energy, running your AC longer. A more reflective metal roof can help you reduce the amount of heat pulled into your home in spring and summer, meaning you don’t use as much energy overall throughout the warmer months.

These four reasons demonstrate how if you’re looking for an eco-friendly roof, the recycled metal options are better than the recycled asphalt shingle options.

If you’re looking for an eco-friendly roofing option or if you want to discuss which type of roofing might be best for your home, get in touch with Cloise & Mike Construction, Inc. We offer a variety of roofing types for installation, including metal roofing, composition shingles, and PVC roofing.

4 Ways a New Roof Increases the Value of Your Home

From replacing worn carpet to repainting the siding to updating the landscaping, an endless list of tasks can improve your home’s value. Of course, certain tasks will increase the value of your home dramatically. Considering it not only provides you and your family with shelter but also completes the overall look of your home, a new roof can be a wise investment.

This guide and your contractor will help you learn how a new roof will increase the total value of your home.

1. Enhances Curb Appeal

Defined as the general attractiveness of a house, curb appeal is the first impression others have of your home. If others view your home as distressed or unappealing, it will not be as valuable.

To make a great first impression, focus on a few areas of your home. Although the landscaping is important, the exterior siding, windows, and doors also make up a large portion of the home’s curb appeal. The roof is also essential to your home’s curb appeal as it is one of the biggest things a viewer will see, and defects will be all but impossible to hide.

If you want homebuyers to get a good first impression of your home, a well-maintained roof is essential. If your roof is older, you may need to replace it — especially if your roof is 15 years of age or older, since this is about the time most roofing materials will start experiencing distress and decay.

2. Increases Resale Value

Friends, family, and passerby are not the only ones who will notice the home’s curb appeal. If you plan to sell your home in the near future, potential buyers will be more attracted to a home with a new roof that is appealing and in good condition. Therefore, a new roof can increase the resale value of your home.

On average, a new roof can offer you a return on your investment of between 67 and 68 percent. This ensures the investment will be worthwhile because you will be able to sell your home for a higher price.

Plus, you may be able to sell it faster, since buyers will be more interested in buying your home with a new roof over other similar homes that may require a roof repair.

3. Adds a Warranty

A new roof may mean a new warranty, which will also help increase the value of your home. The amount of protection and total time your roof will be covered will depend on a few factors, including the specific roofing material and its manufacturer.

In many cases, a shingle or manufacturer warranty will cover the roof for between 20 and 50 years. However, make sure you understand the warranty completely since the coverage may only include issues with the actual roofing materials.

By replacing your roof and receiving a new warranty, you will have some financial protection and peace of mind if issues do arise. Also, if you do decide to sell your home, potential buyers will be willing to pay more for a home with a warranty on the roof.

4. Conserves Energy

A new roof can also help improve your home’s energy efficiency, making your home more appealing and valuable. When designing your new roof, choose light-colored roofing materials to create a cool roof.

The lighter colors of a cool roof will reflect more than half of the sun’s heat rays. The more heat reflected, the less heat the roof will absorb. This helps your roof and your home stay cooler in the warmer seasons, reducing energy usage for air conditioning.

A metal roof may also be something to consider even though most people believe metal gets too hot. Metal roofs can be treated with reflective coatings, reflecting the sun’s heat and easing the costs of cooling the home in the summer.

A new roof is an investment, but it can be a valuable addition for your home. To get started with your new roofing project, contact Cloise & Mike Construction, Inc., today.

4 Things to Know About Underlayment

Although you may not spend much time thinking about what’s under the layer of shingles on your roof, it’s important to familiarize yourself a bit with roofing techniques and materials before hiring a roofing contractor. This can help you keep track of the installation process and ensure you’re pleased with the end result.

Here are four basics you should know about underlayment before you choose a roofing contractor.

1. Underlayment Types

The types of underlayment typically used for asphalt roofing are tar paper and synthetic underlayment. Tar paper is basically a felt paper material impregnated with tar, although composition can vary by product. Tar paper protects the roof deck during installation and helps the roof shed any moisture that gets past the shingles.

The right underlayment can also add fire resistance. And it can smooth over the edges of the boards on your roof deck so that their outlines don’t show through the shingles in an odd effect called picture framing. But it can’t make your roof 100 percent water and moisture proof. Waterproof underlayment can, but that’s typically not recommended for most roofs.

Waterproof underlayment is used for vulnerable spots such as roof valleys and around the edges of the roof to help prevent ice dam leaks. But it’s also a vapor barrier. So if you install it across your whole roof, moisture from the attic air is more likely to condense on the underside of the roof deck, which can cause rotting and mold.

2. Common Mistakes

Aside from using the wrong underlayment, common mistakes include incorrect installation, shingling over underlayment when wet, and accidental damage from walking on the underlayment.

Quality control is an important criterion when choosing a contractor. You’ll want to choose a contractor who prioritizes the quality of the work over the speed of the project; otherwise, problems are more likely to occur. A professional contractor will attach the tarpaper correctly or and pay attention to the underlayment details.

3. New Underlayment

Underlayment should be a non-optional part of the roofing process. For one thing, unless you want to void your manufacturer’s warranty, you need to follow their specifications for roofing installation technique and materials, and that includes installing the correct underlayment with the roof. And without underlayment, your roof could wear out and develop leaks more quickly.

4. Improved Protection

Your manufacturer’s specifications may say that your roof needs to have at least a certain thickness of roofing felt installed as underlayment. But if you want maximum protection, you may want to go for a slightly thicker product instead to provide superior protection.

Thicker felt gives better protection against any water that makes it through the roof. And any storm damage, such as a missing shingle, will be less likely to create a leak before you can get it fixed because thicker tarpaper will provide slightly better resistance against UV damage.

Different types of roofing have different underlayment needs because they function differently. Concrete tile roofs shed the majority of water, but some can reach the underlayment. If the underlayment isn’t up to the task of shedding off that much water, the roof could spring multiple leaks relatively quickly. That’s why the choice of underlayment is so important.

These are some of the basics you should know about underlayment before hiring a roofer. When reading through proposals from roofing contractors, check for what they plan to do about underlayment. Their plan should specifically mention tearing off the old underlayment and putting on new underlayment. And you can check to see what type they plan to use as well.

When you’re looking for an all-new roof, Cloise & Mike Construction, Inc., can help. Get in touch now to learn about what types of roofs we work on or use our website to request a quote for your roofing job.

3 Common Roofing Issues of the Pacific Northwest

Many of the roofing problems in the Pacific Northwest stem from the wet air and the frequent rain. In fact, in the Kitsap Peninsula, it rains approximately one-third of all the days in the year out of the year. Nearby Seattle is also the third cloudiest city in the United States.

All that moisture and cloud cover means that many roofs in the Kitsap Peninsula area are wet for much of the year. Moisture can lead to a variety of problems, including algae and rot. Here’s what you need to know about common roofing problems of the Pacific Northwest.

1. Algae

Algae is commonly found growing in moist, soggy areas and in places that do not get a lot of direct sunlight. The coastal air found in and around the Kitsap Peninsula is very conducive to the growth of algae, which can stain roof tiles. Algae growth is generally a cosmetic problem, but because it’s so obvious, the stains can negatively impact your home’s curb appeal.

You can prevent algae from growing on your home by cutting back the branches and allowing sunlight to shine on the roof as much as possible. Pruning back trees also increases air circulation around the home, which can further prevent algae from growing on the roof.

If you’re not able to prevent algae from growing on your roof, you may need to have your roof cleaned periodically. Clean your roof with a mixture of half water and half chlorine bleach. Use a pressure washer to clear off the algae and keep the roof clean. If you’re not comfortable using a pressure washer on your roof, or if you’re not able to safely access your roof, contact a roofing professional.

2. Moisture From Precipitation

Although the Kitsap Peninsula actually gets less rain than some other parts of the country (like the Eastern and Southern parts of the United States), it has more wet days than almost anywhere else. A roof that stays wet on a regular basis may be prone to rot and leaking. Fortunately, you can do many things to protect your roof from moisture:

  • Inspect your attic on a regular basis, looking for signs of water damage.
  • Walk around the outside of your home, and look for problems like sagging beams and missing or damaged shingles.
  • Have your roof examined by a roofing professional on a regular basis.
  • Get leaks repaired as soon as possible.

Have a professional roofing contractor examine your roof every few years, and make recommendations for repair as needed.

3. Salty Air

Salty air can damage a lot of home building materials, including some roofing materials. Installing a roof made of slate or clay is an excellent way to protect your roof from the sea air, as slate and clay are much less vulnerable to the effects of salt. If your home is not currently built to withstand the weight of a clay or slate roof, you may need to get your home retrofitted before installation.

A lightweight alternative is galvanized steel. The coating of zinc on the outside of the galvanized steel helps protect the roof from rusting. You’ll need to have a roofing contractor reapply the coating every two decades to ensure that the roof is protected. With proper maintenance, your galvanized steel roof can last 60 years or more.

Work With a Local Roofing Company

If you’re a homeowner in the Pacific Northwest, work with a local reputable roofing company to ensure that your roof is properly maintained. A good roofing company can help you take care of your roof in this challenging climate.

To learn more about maintaining a roof in the Kitsap Peninsula area, contact Cloise & Mike Construction, Inc. We’ll be happy to give you more information about how to protect your roof.

Why You Should Not Opt for Shingle Overlay During Reroofing

If you want to replace your roof, you can save money if you don’t maintain the current roof and install the new shingles over it. However, you should know that a roof overlay (where you have multiple layers of shingles on the roof) comes with a few potential problems. Below are some of those problems.

Roof Overload

Roofing shingles are relatively heavy. One hundred square feet of shingles typically weigh between 150 to 240 pounds, but the weight can even exceed 400 pounds for some high-quality shingles. If you decide to have two layers of shingles on your roof, the roof will have to bear double that weight. The roof will get even heavier if it accumulates snow during the winter.

Unfortunate, many roofs don’t have the strength to bear all that weight. The damage might not be immediate, but the overload accelerates your roof’s wear and tear. In a worst case scenario (say if the roof support structures are weak) the roof might even cave in.

Hidden Roof Damage

A big advantage of a tear-off is that you get to see the condition of the roof structures under the old shingles. That way the contractor can gauge whether the support structures are damaged or can last many more years still.

If you opt for an overlay, you won’t know whether the structures under the roof are intact or damaged. That means the hidden damage can fester for a few more years and prompt premature roof replacement. The hidden damage also increases the risk of injuries to roofers or anyone who walks on the roof; they may fall through the roof if they step on a damaged area.

Moisture Trap

Moisture exposure accelerates the wear and tear or degradation of most roofing materials. That is why roofing contractors install a waterproofing barrier before they install shingles. Unfortunately, you can’t install a waterproofing barrier over shingles that are already on the roof.

Thus, if you decide on a shingle overlay, moisture can get trapped under the top shingles and cause damage. Before long, your roof may develop leaks due to the moisture issue.

Evenness Problems

Shingles manufacturers expect roofing contractors to install shingles over flat surfaces. The shingles need to lie flush on the roof so that they can’t allow water or debris under them and they can’t break easily too. If you decide on shingle overlay, the new shingles won’t lie flush on the roof because the top surfaces of the existing shingles are not exactly flat.

Warranty Problems

Shingle manufacturers understand the heightened risks of damage that roofs with shingle overlays face. Such risks may lead to premature damage that wouldn’t have occurred sans shingle overlay. Manufacturers can’t take the blame for such damages so don’t expect the manufacturer to pay for damage due to a double layer of shingles on the roof.

Future Double Tear-off

If you want a shingle overlay to save money, then you should know that the overlay decision only delays the inevitable task. Since you can’t have more than two layers of shingles on the roof, you will have to tear-off both layers the next time you want to replace the roof. You will use a lot of money for the replacement since double tear-off costs more than a single roof tear-off.

Issues with Some Shingle Type

Lastly, not all shingles qualify for the overlay option. In particular, don’t expect to overlay your roof if you have dimensional shingles; in that case, you must tear-off the current roof.

Talk to Cloise & Mike Construction Inc if you want to replace your roof. We will work with you to ensure you get the best possible roof for your house at a reasonable budget. Since good roofers are always busy, start your roof replacement plans in advance to get the best service.

4 Tips for Maintaining Your Asphalt Roof

Asphalt roofs are a popular option for their affordable price. However, they have a shorter life span than most other roofing materials. For this reason, you need to properly maintain your roof. With regular maintenance, you’ll be able to spot problems before they become expensive leaks. Check out these four tips for maintaining your asphalt roof.

1. Kill and Remove Moss

Plant matter may occasionally collect on your roof, but unless you have a lot of windstorms or overhanging branches, most of it is washed away with the rain. However, moss doesn’t wash away because it actually grows on the shingles. It usually starts growing around the edges of shingles, but as the moss continues to thrive, it may lift the shingles, which exposes the roof to rot and leaks.

Moss also works like a sponge. When it rains, the moss absorbs a lot of water, allowing it to sit on your roof for long periods of time. This further exposes the roof to rot. You can remove the moss yourself with moss killer and/or a wire brush, but if your roof is old, this may cause further damage unless you are experienced. Talk to a roofing contractor for help removing moss from an old roof.

2. Check Shingles for Wear and Tear

Your shingles are a great place to measure the integrity of your roof. When shingles start showing signs of wear and tear, water is more likely to penetrate the roof. Look for signs of curling, cracking, or missing shingles, and check the gutters for signs of granules from the shingles.

If you do spot signs of wear and tear, you’ll need to determine if a repair or replacement is necessary. This decision largely depends on the age of your roof. If it is 20 years old or so, it probably needs to be replaced, but if it’s newer, a repair may be enough. If the damage is minor, you may even be able to replace a few shingles yourself.

3. Clean and Maintain the Drainage System

Your roof needs an adequate drainage system to properly remove water. For sloped roofs (like asphalt roofs), gutters and downspouts are usually the ideal way to drain water toward the street. However, damage and debris can affect the drainage, so you need to check for signs of holes or dents and clean your gutters.

If the gutters aren’t cleaned on regular basis (or can’t drain properly from damage), they trap water. This may damage the gutters or roof because of the extra weight and standing water. However, eventually, when the gutters get too full, the water will spill out, which may cause damage to your home’s siding or even foundation.

4. Examine the Flashing

In many cases, the problem may not be your shingles. You may have damaged flashing. Flashing is metal used to protect the roof edges around chimneys, vents, etc. Exposure to the elements, especially water, can eventually cause corrosion or holes, which provide a perfect entry for moisture.

If the damage is minor, you can probably repair it yourself with roofing cement. You’ll need to patch the hole, using the same material as the flashing and attach it with the roofing cement. Roughing the area with a wire brush will help the cement hold better. For large holes, you may need to have some of the flashing and shingles professionally replaced.

Asphalt roofs are extremely affordable, and with proper care, your asphalt roof can last a long time. However, even something as simple as forgetting to clean your gutters can cause major damage. For more information about asphalt roof maintenance, repair and replacement, contact us at Cloise & Mike Construction, Inc., today.

4 Common Causes of Roof Leaks to Be Aware Of

Your roof’s primary job is to keep water out of your home. For the most part, your roof will excel at this task. However, certain conditions and areas of your roof are more susceptible to damage and leaks than others.

Know the conditions and areas of your roof that tend to develop leaks so you can keep vigilant watch over your roof and get professional roofing help before any water damage occurs.

1. Declining Shingles

Asphalt shingles are designed to last for about two decades. They may last a little longer or shorter depending on the brand of shingles on your roof and the exact weather conditions.

As asphalt shingles start to age, the granules on the top of the shingles wear away, exposing the lower layers. Cracked shingles are generally a result of wind damage; however, when cracked shingles are all over your roof, that’s a serious sign of wear.

Cupping, where the edges of the shingle curl-up, and clawing, where the middle of the shingle raises up, are two additional ways that shingles wear as they age.

2. Impaired Flashing

Metal flashing is used to provide extra reinforcement to specific areas of your roof, usually the roof valleys, chimney, vents, and skylights and also sometimes where dormer walls intersect with the roof.

Over time, the nails holding the flashing in place on your roof can come loose. Once the nails holding the flashing in place get loose, the flashing is more prone to bending, which can give water a space to come under the flashing.

Flashing is often made out of metal, which can corrode over time. As flashing is used to redirect water on your roof, it often wears out faster than other parts of your roof.  Keep a close eye on the flashing on your roof, and replace it when it starts to show signs of wear.

3. Unproductive Gutters

When your gutters are attached properly to your home, they help direct water away from your home. Correctly attached gutters prevent water from pooling on your roof.

When your gutters are not attached to your roof correctly, or when your gutters are full of debris, they are not able to protect your home. Water can pool up and cause your roof to deteriorate when gutters don’t function properly.

Improperly working gutters often have consequences that extend beyond your roof. Foundation, siding, basement, and landscaping damage are all potential negative side effects of an unproductive gutter system.

You can avoid this water damage if you clean your gutters a couple of times a year and check the overall condition of your gutters when you clean them.

4. Ice Dams

Ice dams form on your roof when snow on your roof starts to melt then refreezes due to changing temperatures. When the snow melts and freezes on the edge of your roof, the ice prevents water from flowing down your roof and into your gutters, forming ice dams.

Ice dams can cause serious damage to your roof. Ice dams can damage your shingles and lead to roof leaks. Additionally, ice dams can also damage your gutters and separate your gutters from your home.

Prevent ice dams with proper attic ventilation and a well-insulated roof. Heating tape can also help prevent ice from building up on your roof.

Your roof will give you warning signs before water leaks into your home. If you notice that your shingles, flashing, or gutters are not functioning properly, or you seem to get a lot of ice dams every winter, give us a call at Cloise & Mike Construction, Inc. We can help repair your roof and help you determine if you need a new roof.